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Children & Youth

 

379,207 Children & Youth in Travis County in 2013

 

Children and Youth in Travis County: In 2013, 33.8% of Travis County residents were under the age of 25. While the actual number of children and youth has increased, the percentage of the overall population has remained relatively stable over the past eight years, ranging from 33.8% in 2013 to a high of 37% in 2008.

 

 

Graph showing the percentage of the population of Travis County under 25 years of age.

Definition: Percent of the population of Travis County under 25 years of age.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table DP05: ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data.

key issues that affect children and youth

At their 2014 meetings, the CAN Community Council heard presentations by local collaborative initiatives and service providers, including the Trauma-Informed Care Consortium of Central Texas, Children and Youth Mental Health Planning Partnership, Safe Place, Travis County Youth Substance Abuse Prevention Coalition, and Travis County Health and Human Services. Community Council members discussed the needs and challenges of children and youth in our area. CAN also conducted and inventory of prevention and intervention efforts addressing Adverse Childhood Experiences in Travis County. Top barriers and challenges identified through the Community Council conversations and the inventory included:

  • School Readiness Gaps in Early Childhood Care and Education. There are significant gaps in the school readiness of young children, especially low-income children, including a shortage of high-quality daycare and pre-kindergarten programs, with an emphasis on full-day pre-kindergarten.
     
  • Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences. Youth experience traumas and adverse childhood experiences that affect their health, development and behavior. This can result in children and youth experiencing punitive disciplinary measures, rather than receiving the appropriate treatment for the underlying causes of their behavior. Social-Emotional Learning and Trauma-Informed Care can provide educators, service providers and other adults with the tools and knowledge to more appropriately address the needs of children and youth who have experienced trauma and other adverse experiences.
     
  • Youth and Family Services Gaps. Uncoordinated and fragmented systems of care often do not meet needs of the whole family. Many low-income families lack access to safe, affordable housing, public transportation, quality childcare, recreational opportunities, and physical and behavioral health care.
     
  • School to Prison Pipeline. Many of the youth in juvenile and criminal justice systems are there because of the failing of our early childhood system, educational system, inadequate attention to trauma and mental health needs. The biggest provider of mental health services to children and youth is the juvenile justice system.
     
  • Post-secondary Readiness. Many low-income students who do graduate from high school graduate unprepared for college and other post-secondary training options.
     

some local efforts to improve the well-being of children and youth

system changes recommended to improve the well-being of children & youth

the face of children and youth in travis county

Click on one of the titles below for more information.

» race/ethnicity

49% of the Travis County population under 18 is Hispanic or Latino, followed by 37% White non-Hispanic, 8% Black or African American, and 6% Asian. Hispanic or Latino children make up over 50% of the under 5 population.

Graph showing Travis County population under age 18 by race/ethnicity. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Definition: Travis County population under age 18 by race/ethnicity. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B01001: Sex by Age.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data.

Graph showing the various ethnic groups into which people under the age of 25 fell into in Travis County

» child poverty

 

21.7% of children and youth under 18 years of age in Travis County lived below the poverty level in 2013. This is a decrease from 26.4% in 2012, bringing the percentage closer to pre-recession levels. The poverty rate for children and youth in Austin is 23.6%.

Graph showing the percentage of foreign-born residents of Travis County who fall into each age range

 

 

Definition: Percentage of the population under 18 years of age whose household income was below the poverty level.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1701: Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Additionally, it is unclear as to whether families actually moved out of poverty, or were forced to move out of the Austin MSA due to rising affordability issues.

» child poverty by race/ethnicity

 

Racial disparities exist in the poverty levels for children and youth. The poverty rate for Hispanic or Latino youth is highest at 34.7%, followed by 26.5% for African American children and youth. 8.2% of Asian children and youth live below the poverty level, followed by just 6% of white children and youth.

Graph showing the percentage of the population under 18 years of age whose household income was below the poverty level. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Definition: Percentage of the population under 18 years of age whose household income was below the poverty level. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S0201: Selected Population Profile in the United States.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Data for Asian alone was not reported until 2013.

» child poverty, by county

 

While the poverty rate for children decreased in the overall Austin MSA, it actually increased in Bastrop County to 33%.

Graph showing the Percentage of the population under 18 years of age whose household income was below the poverty level.

Definition: Percentage of the population under 18 years of age whose household income was below the poverty level.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1701: Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to small sample sizes, data for Caldwell County is not available.

» languages spoken at home

 

As the population of Travis County grows and diversifies, so, too, do the languages children speak at home. 36% of children 5-17 years of age in Travis County spoke a language other than English at home in 2013, with 31% of children speaking Spanish at home.

Graph showing the primary language spoken at home by 5 to 17 year olds in Travis County.

 

 

Definition: Primary language spoken at home by 5 to 17 year olds in Travis County.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B16007: Age by Language Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data.

» household type

 

The percentage of households with children under 18 has remained relatively stable in Travis County, with families with children under 18 making up 28% of all households in Travis County in 2013. Two-thirds of children in Travis County live in a married-couple. 26% live in a female-headed household with no husband present. 6% live in a male-headed household with no wife present.

Graph showing Travis County population under age 18 by race/ethnicity. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

 

 

Definition: Travis County population under age 18 by race/ethnicity. The data for White, Asian, and Black or African American youth do not include those who described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B09005: Household Type for Children Under 18 Years in Households.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data.

» child poverty, by household type

 

Children living in single-parent households are more likely to live below the poverty level. 36% of female-headed households with children were in poverty in 2013, compared to 23% of male-headed households with children and 9% of married-couple households with children.

Graph showing the percentage of each household type (married-couple family, male householder, or female householder) reporting income below the poverty level.

 

Definition: Percentage of each household type (married-couple family, male householder, or female householder) reporting income below the poverty level.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table C17023: Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months of Families by Household Type by Presence of Own Children Under 18 Years.

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data.