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People with Disabilities

 

110,447 Individuals with Disabilities in Travis County in 2013

 

People with Disabilities in Travis County: In 2013, there were 110,447 people with disabilities residing in non-institutional settings in Travis County. About four in ten of these individuals have more than one type of disability, and nearly one quarter of veterans have a disability. People with disabilities tend to face low levels of educational attainment and employment, along with low-incomes. The lack of affordable housing linked to transportation presents a substantial challenge to independent living for people with disabilities, as does the limited availability of supportive community services through the state. Furthermore, state cuts to the Early Childhood Intervention (ECI) program have limited the community’s ability to identify early and provide services to children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Additionally, caregivers face challenges navigating support systems, particularly the transition from ECI to school-based services, and school-based services to adult support services.

 

 

Locally, a smaller percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population has a disability than nationally. In 2013, 110,447 Travis County residents reported having a disability, or 9.9% of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. This represents a smaller portion of the population than the USA (12.2%) or Texas (11.6%). Note that these estimates exclude individuals living in institutional group quarters.

Graph showing the percentage of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability

Definition: Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1810: Disability Characteristics

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

key issues that affect people with disabilities

At their 2014 meetings, the CAN Community Council heard presentations by local service providers and community leaders who serve people with disabilities. Community Council members discussed the needs and challenges of elderly individuals in our area. Top barriers and challenges identified at these meetings included:

  • There is a shortage of affordable housing that is ADA compliant and accessible to public transit.
     
  • People with disabilities may have a spotty work history and difficulty finding employment.
     
  • People with intellectual and developmental disabilities, and their caregivers, face challenges navigating transitions from Early Childhood Intervention to Special Education, and from public school to adult services.
     
  • Early identification and treatment for learning disabilities, inadequate supply of community services, and cuts in state funding for Early Childhood Intervention present challenges.
     

some local efforts to improve the well-being of people with disabilities

system changes recommended to improve the well-being of people with disabilities

the face of the population with disabilities in travis county

Click on one of the titles below for more information.

» percent with more than one type of disability

Individuals may have more than one type of disabling condition. In 2013, 4.1% of Travis County’s population had more than one type of disability and 5.8% of residents had one type of disability. About 42% of residents with a disability had more than one type of disability.

Graph showing Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with given number of disabilities

Definition: Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with given number of disabilities

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B01001: Sex by Age

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

» type of disability, under 18 population

Among children in Travis County, cognitive difficulties are the most common type of disability. In 2013, 67% of children with a disability reported having a cognitive difficulty. Note that individuals may report more than one type of disability.

Graph showing Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability under 18 with a given disability

Definition: Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability under 18 with a given disability

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1810: Disability Characteristics

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

» type of disability, over 18 population

Among adults in Travis County, cognitive and ambulatory difficulties are the most common type of disability. In 2013, 38% of adults with a disability reported having a cognitive difficulty and 49% of adults with a disability reported having an ambulatory difficulty (‘having serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs’). Another 34% report having an independent living difficulty. Note that individuals may report more than one type of disability.

Graph showing Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability over 18 with a given disability

Definition: Percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability over 18 with a given disability

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1810: Disability Characteristics

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community. Individuals may report more than one type of disability. Census definitions of disability types are given here.

» veterans with a disability

Veterans are substantially more likely than nonveterans to have a disability. About a quarter of all veterans report having a disability compared to about 11% of nonveterans. This figure includes both veterans whose disability began while serving on active duty and veterans who were afflicted with a disabling condition outside of military service.

Graph showing Percent of veterans & non-veterans living with a disability

Definition: The percent of each group with a disability

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S2101: Veteran Status

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/people/disability/
files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

» race/ethnicity

African-Americans are the racial/ethnic group most likely to have a disability in Travis County. 15.6% of African-Americans report a disability, compared to 9.6% of both Hispanics/Latinos and Non-Hispanic Whites. Asians are the racial/ethnic group least likely to report a disability, with 5.2% reporting a disability in 2013.

Graph showing The percent of individuals identifying as a given racial/ethnic group who report having a disability

Definition: The percent of individuals identifying as a given racial/ethnic group who report having a disability

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1810: Disability Characteristics

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. “Hispanic” is classified by the U.S. Census Bureau as an “ethnicity” and not as a “race.” As a result, the Asian and Black categories may include some people who also identify as Hispanic.

» age structure

Overall, people with disabilities tend to be older than people without a disability. Seniors are significantly more likely to live with a disability than people under the age of 65 .In 2013, 39% of people 65 and older had a disability, compared to only 8% of people under 65.In fact, seniors made up 28% of all people with disabilities despite only making up about 8% of the overall population in Travis County.

Graph showing Percent of population with a disability by age

Definition: Percent of population with a disability by age

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B18101: Sex by Age by Disability Status

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

how this population fares on Dashboard indicators

Click on one of the titles below for more information.

» poverty and low-income

People with disabilities are more likely than individuals with no disability to have low incomes. In 2013, 21.1% of people with a disability had an income below the poverty level, compared to 13.9% of people with no disability. Four of ten people with disabilities were considered low-income (incomes beneath 200% of federal poverty thresholds) in 2013.

Graph showing the percentages of residents of Travis County who fall below given income levels by disability status

Definition: The percent of each group with incomes below 100% and 200% of federal poverty thresholds 2013 thresholds can be accessed here

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1811: Selected Economic Characteristics for the Civilian Noninstituionalized Population by Disability Status

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

» employment-to-population ratio

About half of people with a disability in Travis County were employed in 2013, compared to 79% of people without a disability. Individuals who are not employed may choose not to work; have become discouraged from seeking, but being unable to find, work and have dropped out of the labor force; or may be seeking, but unable to find, work.

Graph showing the percentage of the population who are employed by disability status

Definition: The percent of the population who are employed by disability status

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table B18120: Employment Status by Disability

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

» educational attainment

Travis County residents with a disability tend to have lower levels of education than residents without a disability. Close to half of residents with a disability had a high school level of education or less, compared to only about a quarter of residents with no disability.

Graph showing the percentage of the given population group that has attained the given educational level

Definition: Percent of the given population group that has attained the given educational level

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year estimates, Table S1811: Selected Economic Characteristics for the Civilian Noninstituionalized Population by Disability Status

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. Due to changes in the questionairres used to produce the data, data are not directly comparable to ACS or Census data prior to 2008. The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/
people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf
). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.

poor mental health by disability status

People with disabilities are also more likely than those without a disability to experience poor mental health. In 2013, 38% of people with a disability reported experiencing poor mental health, compared to 18% of people without a disability.

Definition: Adults who report to have had 5 or more days of poor mental health which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, within the last 30 days, by disability status

Data Source: Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

Data Considerations: The BRFSS collects data through phone interviews. In 2011 the surveying process was expanded to include people with cell phones as well as people with landlines. As a result, this data is not comparable to BRFSS data from years prior to 2011. The sample sizes for BRFSS data are relatively small. Differences appearing on the graph may not be statistically significant at the 95% level and should be interpreted with caution. In 2012, the data for the Black population is considered unstable because it either has a relative standard error greater than 30% or because the denominator represents fewer than 50 respondents. Data for the Black population were not reported in 2013, due to the small sample size.

means of transportation to work, by disability status

Travis County residents with a disability utilize public transportation to commute to work at higher rates than residents who do not report a disability. In 2013, 8.5% of workers with a disability utilized public transportation to commute to their job, compared to only 3.1% of workers who do not report a disability. Workers with disabilities utilize other modes of transportation to commute at about the same rate as workers without disabilities.

Definition: The percentage of workers, ages 16 and over, who commute to work using a given mode of transportation, by disability status

Data Source: American Community Survey, 1 Year Estimates

Data Considerations: The American Community Survey samples 3% of the Nation’s population. Due to small sample sizes, margins of error are increased and hard to reach populations may not be accurately represented in the data. American Community Survey data are collected continuously throughout the year. For questions related to means of transportation, survey respondents are asked to consider a “reference week”, the week immediately before they were surveyed, and answer accordingly. ‘Means of transportation’ refers to the principle mode used to commute to work. Survey respondents who commute to multiple workplaces or use multiple modes of transportation are asked to choose their primary workplace and mode of transportation used for the longest period of time. The data, therefore, do not reflect all modes of transportation utilized and only capture the means of transportation used to commute to work.The data exclude individuals living in military or institutional group quarters, such as people living in adult correctional facilities, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, and residential schools for people with disabilities (www.census.gov/people/disability/files/GQdisability.pdf). Therefore, the data does not fully represent the full scope of people with disabilities in our community.